The Pomeranian breed is possibly one of the most unique and eye-catching little dogs on the planet. Their energetic personalities mixed with their adorable appearance have made them a popular breed amongst the elite and common man alike.
It may surprise some people to find out that there is much more than meets the eye when it comes to the tiny Pomeranian. Though it is very true that Pomeranians make for wonderful lap dogs that have a luxuriously thick coat, they also have an incredibly rich history.
We will explain everything that dog lovers should know about the amazing Pomeranian dog breed. Including their rich history, how to properly care for them, and what kinds of homes they are best suited for.
Read on to learn everything that you need to know about the great Pomeranian!
History of the Pomeranian
The Pomeranian was originally bred in the Pomerania region in Europe, which is now areas of present-day Poland and Germany.
The Pomeranian is actually descended from sled dogs like the Alaskan Malamute, and the breed’s original size was larger than it is today.
Pomeranians are also related to other members of the spitz family of dogs such as the Norwegian Elkhound as well.
The Dog of Nobility
Over time these little farm dogs were noticed by members of nobility for their stunning good looks and fun-loving personalities.
Queen Charlotte of England was known to have Pomeranians, and even the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart took a liking to this little dog.
At this time the Pomeranian was around 30 pounds and had a primarily white coat.
Queen Victoria and the Pomeranian Dog
The breed did not become as we know it today until Queen Victoria took a liking to the Pomeranian.
It is believed that she was the driving force behind breeding the Pomeranians down to their current size and giving them their large variety of coat colors.
The queen even showed many of her Pomeranians at the famous Crufts show in the late 1800s.
The Pomeranian gained official recognition from the American Kennel Club in 1888, and today they remain one of the most popular dog breeds in America and Europe.
Many different people from all walks of life own this popular toy breed today.
The Pomeranian dog breed is unique and special. Its characteristics and appearance make it stand out from other dogs.
The Pomeranian is famous for its adorable appearance, tiny size, and luxuriously thick double coat. Here we will be taking a closer look at the Pomeranian’s appearance according to their breed standard.
Pomeranian Head and Body Structure
The Pomeranian should have a body structure that is proportionate and appears sturdy for its smaller size.
Pomeranians also typically have small ears that are erect, but the proper structure is more important than size when it comes to the Pomeranian’s ears.
The head and face of a Pomeranian, though small, should appear to be proportionate to the rest of their body. The same goes for the Pomeranian’s back and legs.
Pomeranian Coat Colors
The Pomeranian has a thick ruff that consists of a harsh outer coat and a soft undercoat. This long coat should be free of any tangles or matting.
There is a very wide variety of coat colors and patterns that can occur in the Pomeranian. Some of the more common colors in the Pomeranian include varieties of black, cream, orange, red, and white.
Some more rare but acceptable colors in the Pomeranian include variations of blue and chocolate.
When it comes to coat patterns variations of brindle, merle, sable, and tri-colored varieties can occur in Pomeranians.
Black and tan, blue and tan, and a large variety of markings are accepted in the breed as well.
The Pomeranian should weigh anywhere between three and seven pounds, and they should be between six and seven inches tall at the shoulder.
The Pomeranian’s weight should be proportionate to their size.
What is a Teacup Pomeranian?
A so-called ‘teacup’ Pomeranian is not a recognized breed. They are similar to a Toy Pomeranian but smaller in size.
Be aware that some experts say a Teacup Pomeranians’ lifespan will be much shorter than a normal size Pomeranian’s.
Pomeranian Grooming Requirements
The Pomeranian needs regular brushing. The more often that you can brush your Pomeranian the better. This is because the coat on a Pom can easily become tangled or matted, and daily brushing can prevent this.
This is true for both purebred Pomeranians and Pomeranian mixes. Luckily, these common problems can be prevented easily with regular grooming.
Are Pomeranians Hypoallergenic?
No dog is truly hypoallergenic and the Pomeranian is definitely not. However, some people say that the Pomeranian is not too bad of a dog for allergy sufferers.
Pomeranian Exercise Needs
The Pomeranian does need less exercise than many of the large sled dog breeds that they are distantly related to. However, you should not let the Pomeranian’s small size fool you.
Pomeranians are more athletic than many people think, and they love running around and playing. It is recommended that most Pomeranians get around 30 minutes of exercise each day.
It is a good idea to take your Pomeranian for regular short walks and play plenty of indoor games with them. When playing with your Pomeranian you should avoid rough play, as these small dogs can easily become injured.
Pomeranian Dietary Needs
Most Pomeranians do very well on high-quality dog food. Making homemade meals for a Pomeranian can also be an option, but you should only do this under a veterinarian’s supervision.
Pomeranian Health Concerns
Unfortunately, the Pomeranian breed is not completely free of health problems. Here are some of the health issues that are known to affect the Pomeranian.
- Patellar Luxation
- Heart disease
- Congestive heart failure
- Collapsed trachea
- Legg calve Perthes disease
- Black skin disease (occurs with hair loss)
In addition to the above list of conditions, Pomeranians can be prone to a variety of different types of heart problems.
Due to the fact that health conditions affecting the heart are a common issue in this breed, any good Pomeranian breeder will have their dogs undergo an official cardiac evaluation before breeding them.
In addition to a cardiac exam, the American Pomeranian Club also recommends that all Pomeranian breeders have their dog’s eyes and knees evaluated by a qualified vet.
This should be done before the dogs are bred in order to prevent the passing of genetic conditions that could affect a dog’s health.
Do Pomeranians Suffer From Dental Issues?
Like many other small dogs, Pomeranians are also prone to dental disease. The good news is that this problem can be prevented and managed through proper dental care.
You should take extra care to clean your Pomeranian’s teeth. Like many other dogs with small statures, this dwarf spitz is prone to dental issues that result from plaque buildup.
It is best to start cleaning your Pomeranian’s teeth early on, as it is easier to prevent dental disease than to manage it once it occurs.
Pomeranian Lifespan Expectancy
The average life expectancy for the tiny Pomeranian is estimated to be between 12 and 16 years.
Are Pomeranians Hard to Train?
The Pomeranian is known to be an incredibly smart dog, but they can be a bit independent by nature as well.
This makes a dog that can be a bit difficult to train at times. However, most Pomeranian owners will find a lot of success with proper training and dedication.
With Pomeranians, it is best to train them using positive reinforcement training methods. It is also recommended that you do early socialization with a Pomeranian whenever possible.
Are Pomeranians Good With Children?
When it comes to small children it is best to be very cautious when having them around a Pomeranian.
This is because small children can easily hurt Pomeranians due to their tiny and fragile frames.
If you are planning on having small children around a Pomeranian, it is best to do so with very close supervision for the dog’s safety.
Older children on the other hand tend to be great with Pomeranians, especially if they have been instructed on how to care for them and interact with them safely.
The Pomeranian’s playful and affectionate nature is sure to warm the hearts of older children and teenagers.
Are Pomeranians Good With Other Pets?
Yes, Pomeranians tend to do well with other pets like cats and other small dogs. However, large dogs may not be the best choice to pair a Pomeranian with.
This is because this tiny dog can easily be hurt by bigger dogs.
In addition to larger pets, you will also need to be very careful about leaving your Pomeranian alone outside. This is because wild animals such as hawks may view the tiny Pomeranian as prey.
Are Pomeranians Good For Families?
Pomeranians can make for a great fit in families with older children and other small pets such as cats and other small dog breeds.
This is especially true if the household is prepared to have a dog with small dog syndrome and doesn’t mind some barking.
Unfortunately, Pomeranians are not the best choice for families with very young children and large dogs. This is because both could potentially harm a Pomeranian.
Can Pomeranians Live In Apartments?
Yes, Pomeranians can live in apartments. The breed’s small size means that they do not need much space to be happy.
You should be extra careful about providing your Pomeranian with plenty of exercise and mental stimulation when living in an apartment.
This is because bored Pomeranians tend to bark, and this bad habit can quickly upset neighbors in an apartment building.
While Pomeranians are great for apartment living give some consideration to the pitfalls before you bring one home.
How Much Do Pomeranians Cost?
On average Pomeranian puppies from a good breeder will cost around $1,000 to $2,000 in the United States.
However, in some circumstances, you may be expected to pay a bit more or less than this number. If you are looking to spend less money on your Pomeranian do not worry!
There are plenty of Pomeranians out there in rescue groups that need good homes, and their adoption fee is guaranteed to be less than $1,000.
How to Find a Reputable Pomeranian Breeder
Once you have decided that the Pomeranian is the right puppy for you then the next step is to find a reputable breeder.
Here are some signs to look for when choosing a Pomeranian breeder.
- All dogs are housed in good conditions
- They give their dogs all of the recommended health tests before breeding them. (for Pomeranians this is a cardiac exam, ophthalmologist evaluation, and a patella evaluation at minimum)
- All of their breeding Pomeranians are in good health
- All of their puppies are kept in good health
- All puppies are given the recommended vaccines and preventative care
- The breeder is very knowledgeable about the Pomeranian breed
- The breeder has won titles with their Pomeranians
- All of their breeding Pomeranians have sound temperaments
All reputable breeders will meet all of the criteria mentioned in this list.
If your breeder will not allow you to see your puppy’s parents or where they are being kept then this is a sign that they are not reputable.
Additionally, a good Pomeranian breeder should be able to show you proof of parent health testing and pedigree upon request.
Pomeranians are special dogs! Full of personality and the spice of life so make sure you put a little thought into the name you give them!
Here is a short list of some popular names for Pomeranians.
Related Pomeranian Questions
Do Pomeranians Bark a Lot?
Yes, Pomeranians are known to bark a lot. Possibly the best way to tackle this problem is to start training your Pomeranian as soon as possible.
Ensuring that your Pomeranian always gets enough exercise and mental stimulation can help with this problem as well.
Are Pomeranians Lazy?
Despite their small size Pomeranians are not necessarily known to be lazy dogs. Although Poms will enjoy sitting next to you on the couch, they do still love to run, play, and go for walks.
How Far Should I Walk My Pomeranian?
Part of the answer to this question will depend on your local conditions. How hot or cold is it outside when you go for your walk?
As we discussed before, Pomeranians do not handle high temperatures all that well so you need to take that into consideration each time you go for a walk.
How long of a walk is good for your dog is also dependent on you and your dog’s physical condition.
Always consult your veterinarian and your personal doctor for the best answers to these questions relating to your personal situations.
In general, most Pomeranians will enjoy a 20 to 30-minute walk a couple of times a day.
Are Pomeranians Expensive?
Pomeranians can be expensive when buying a Pomeranian puppy from a reputable breeder. However, this price is well worth it.
A good option for those looking to get a Pomeranian on a budget is to look into Pomeranian rescues.
You can look into your local animal shelter as they may have a Pomeranian available for adoption as well.
Is it True that Pomeranians Often Get Stolen?
Some people suggest that it is true that Pomeranians are a target of thieves more so than other dog breeds.
Dognappers like them because they are very popular and can be expensive so they can make a quick profit.
Keep this in mind and try not to leave your Pomeranian outside without someone watching them or leave them unattended in your car.
You can also add a microchip to your dog which could aid in recovery if they are stolen. Be sure to contact the police right away if your dog is stolen.
What is a Microchip for a Dog?
Microchips are very tiny computer chips that are actually placed inside your dog and used to identify a dog’s owner via a registration code.
The chip, which is only about the size of a grain of rice, is inside a glass capsule and injected into your dog with a hypodermic needle.
While it is not a GPS device it can be helpful for a veterinarian or dog shelter to track dog the dog’s owner. Many shelters microchip their dogs before adoption.
The American Veterinary Medical Association has a good amount of information on microchipping that is worth reading.
Will Animals Attack my Pomeranian?
Remember, all small dogs are at a greater risk to be attacked by other animals such as dogs, coyotes, alligators, and even birds of prey such as owls or hawks.
Don’t leave your Pomeranian outside alone.
Are Pomeranians Good Dogs?
Yes, Pomeranians make for excellent dogs in many homes.
Not only is the Pomeranian very loving towards their owners, but they are also known to be incredibly intelligent and playful dogs as well.
Do Pomeranians Chase Bigger Dogs?
Yes, your Pomeranian will likely chase a bigger dog if given the opportunity! Poms are little dogs but they don’t know it!
This mentality could prove to be dangerous as a bigger dog has the strength to hurt or even kill your Pomeranian by accident or on purpose. So take the necessary precautions around other dogs.
Do Pomeranians Handle Heat Well?
Actually, Pomeranians are better suited to being indoor pets where the temperature never gets too high.
If you do live in a hot climate make sure to keep a good eye on them when you go outside to exercise.
Heat stroke and heat exhaustion is a concern for any dog but especially Pomeranians so take the necessary precautions.
Are Pomeranians Difficult to House Train?
Yes, Pomeranians can be more difficult to house train than some other breeds.
It is important to remember that these small dogs also have small bladders and may need to relieve themselves more often than you had hoped for.
If you are gone most of the day it will make matters more difficult so you take that into consideration before getting a Pomeranian.
Pomeranians are very smart dogs but they are also strong-willed and don’t always take to your commands right away.
As always, use positive reinforcement during training to get the best results.
While some have quick success house training their dogs plan on the process of fully potty training your Pomeranian to take up two to four months. Hope for less though!
Are Pomeranians Good Therapy Dogs?
Yes, many people have had great success with Pomeranians being utilized as therapy or assistance dogs because they are so smart and loving.
Because they are also so attentive they also do well as hearing assistance dogs for elderly people as well as just providing a loving companion that is easy to hold.
You often see Pomeranians in nursing homes providing love where it is needed most. They are a dog that likes to cuddle and be held as long as you are careful not to hurt them.
Should I Get a Male or Female Pomeranian?
There really are not many differences between a male and female Pomeranian. They are about the same size, have similar personalities and their lifespan is no different.
Some people say that females may be slightly easier to train and that males may be slightly more energetic and playful but it is not likely you would notice a difference.
One consideration could be if you get a female you may encounter an unexpected batch of puppies if you don’t have them spayed before you bring them home.
Do Pomeranians Like to Swim?
Most dogs like to swim and can swim but it varies, just like humans, based on their personality.
Pomeranians are no different except that their bodies are not built as strong for swimming as some other breeds.
So while Pomeranians do have that natural instinct to be able to swim, and they may enjoy it, make sure you keep a sharp eye on them at all times if you decide to let them take a plunge!
Is It Ok to Leave My Pomeranian Alone at Home?
Yes, Pomeranians are generally ok to be left alone inside at home if it is not for too long.
These dogs seek and need attention so while they will be ok with some alone time it is not a good idea to leave them unattended for more than say four to six hours.
Keep in mind that it is not unusual for Pomeranians to suffer from anxiety and being alone for a prolonged period of time can make this worse.
Where Can I Learn More About Pomeranians?
You can visit the American Pomeranian Club website for more information and additional Pomeranian resources.
The Pomeranian is one of the most popular pets in the world, and this is because they make for such a good companion.
They are fun dogs with great personalities that people enjoy having in their homes.
Pomeranians are great for anyone who is willing to have a dog that wants to be the center of attention and receive lots of love from the members of their family.